The following activities have been carried out during the first year of LIFE TEXTILEATHER project:
Selection of parameters to be optimised in the treatment of textile materials.
This task involved the selection of textiles to be enhanced with MLSE™ technology. Selected materials included fabrics more commonly used for domestic upholstry including; curtains, cushions, tablecloths, etc, and footwear (linings, uppers, insoles, etc.). Taking into account the characteristics of these textiles, a series of fundamental parameters has been established for the adaptation of the MLSE™. demonstration plant. Furthermore, the companies have set out the parameters to be finally met by the textile materials with regard to the different intended uses.
As a result of this action, the following parameters have been established for the subsequent adaptation of the MLSE™ system:
- Fabric structure
- Chemical nature
- Weight of fabric
- Material dimensions (width and thickness)
- Technical requirements of functional properties
- Financial viability
- Limitations relating to the production process
Selection of parameters for the optimisation of leather treatment
As a result, the different considerations that will influence the adaptation of the MLSE™ system in subsequent tasks have been decided:
- The material dimensions (width and thickness)
- Leathers are discrete materials, and they do not allow working in a continuous mode.
- Leathers are materials of animal origin (bovine, ovine, pig…), and the type of leather should be considered for the optimisation of treatment parameters.
- Requirements for functional properties to be achieved
- Financial limitations
- Other requirements: mechanical properties, breathability, durability, …
Adaptation of MLSE technology for textile and leather treatment
Standard textiles and leathers have also been selected for the optimisation of the MLSE™ treatment for the different functional treatments to be achieved.
Process optimisation for textiles and leathers in the pilot plant
Promising results have been obtained so far. Functional properties have been achieved although the process variables are still to be optimised for the different materials under study.
Functional characterisation of textiles and leathers
Standard test methods to assess the functional properties of materials have been established, taking into account the final application of each type of material.
Socioeconomic and environmental impact assessment.
Preliminary indicators on the environmental assessment of MLSE hydrophobic treatment on textiles compared with the traditional finishing treatments show savings in energy consumption by 99% and (perfluorinated) hazardous chemicals by 100%, which in turn, implies a reduction of the carbon footprint impact by 90%.
Project progress was disseminated in several fairs and exhibitions related to the textile and leather industries, such as:
- Heimtextil, Frankfurt (Germany), 14-17 January.
- LINEAPELLE/SIMAC Fair, Milan (Italy), 25-27 February
- Co-Shoes, Elche (Spain), 22-23 April
- TECHTEXTIL, Frankfurt (Germany), 9-12 May
- MODMAD, Madrid (Spain), 11-13 September
- MICAM, Milan (Italy), 1-4 September
- HOME TEXTILES PREMIUM, Madrid (Spain), 17-19 September